Impact of Gender Based Violence on Community Development: Case Study of Rumonge Commune
Keywords:Gender, Community, Gender based violence, Domestic violence, Community development
Gender-based violence is a global problem that affects women and girls of all races, colour and creed. It occurs across all socio-economic and cultural backgrounds, and in many societies, including Burundi despite different international, regional and national instruments ratified to protect women against GBV and its effects. This study conducted with 96 individuals selected using Alain BOUCHARD’s technic highlights the impact of gender based violence (GBV) on community development and provide some suggestions for action in remedy to gender based violence persistence for full community development. It specifically shows the reasons behind the persistence of gender based violence in Rumonge commune and its implications on the bad living conditions of families. To achieve this, we opted for qualitative approaches with the use of the interview guide and quantitative with the use of a questionnaire administered directly to heads of households distributed in 6 zones of Rumonge Commune. These reasons are fundamentally linked to Burundian culture and tradition that structures how people have to behave and live in the society. In view of the impact of GBV, identified as a constraint to individual and societal development, this article highlights a set of activities to be done to reduce GBV. These include community dialogues around laws regarding families, gender norms and development; education and awareness of the impacts and ways to prevent it for full community development.
BAD. (2014). Annuaire statistique pour l’Afrique. Paris: Economica
BOUCHARD, A., cité par Nkunzwenabake 2010. Barnely, B. &
Hesterly S. (2008). Strategic Management and Competitive
Advantage. Paris: Dalloz.
Bott et al (2005), "Preventing and responding to gender based
violence in middle and low-income countries: a global review and
analysis", World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3618,
Washington DC: World Bank
Brookes, H. and L. Richter (2001) A study of school responses to
violence and harassment of girls, Pretoria: HSRC.
Carrillo Roxanna (1992). Violence against women, an obstacle to
development UNIFEM, 304 East 45th. Street, New York, NY10017
Diken, B. and Laustsen, C. B. (2005). Becoming abject: Rape as a
weapon of war. Body & Society, 11 (1), 111-128. Feerick, M. M.
and Haugaard, J. J. 1999.
Groupe de la Banque Africaine de Development (2011), Burundi
Morrison, Buvinic and Shifter. (2003). “Addressing Gender-Based
Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Critical Review of
Interventions.”Working Paper. Washington, D.C .: World Bank.
MOSER, C. AND B. VAN BRONKHORST (1999) ‘Youth violence
in Latin America and the Caribbean: Costs, causes and
interventions’, LCR Sustainable Development Working Paper No. 3,
Washington DC: World Bank retrieved on 6 November 2021 from
Mukamana and Niyonizigiye (2014), Breaking the silence: A needs
assessment of survivors of sexual violence in Burundi, Report
commissioned by Tearfund
Navindhra Naidoo (2017). Gender-based Violence: Strengthening
the role and scope of Prehospital Emergency Care by promoting
theory, policy and clinical praxis. PhD Forensic Medicine, Faculty
of Health Sciences. University of Cape Town.
Tsitsi Marylin Dzinavane (2016), Saying No To Gender-Based
Violence: A Study Of Musasa, A Non-Governmental Organization
Based In Zimbabwe
UNFPA (2015), “Report on the care of victims of sexual violence”,
December 2015. Ministère de la solidarité nationale, des droits de la
personne humaine et du genre, Rapport de l’étude sur
l’opérationnalisation des réseaux communautaires de lutte contre les
VBG, février 2013, p. 6.
United Nations, (2006). Ending violence against women. From
words to Action. UNITED NATIONS PUBUCATION, Soles No.
E.06.IV.8, ISBN-10: 92-1-1 12703-3, ISBN-13: 978-92-1-1 12703-4
USAID/Burundi, Gender Assessment Final Report (USAID, October
Walby, S. (1990). Theorizing Patriarchy. Oxford: Blackwell.
Wood, K. and Jewkes, R. (1997). Violence, rape and sexual
coercion: Everyday love in a South African township. Gender &
Development, 5 (2),
World Health Organization (2013). Global and regional estimates
of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of
intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. WHO
Zicherman, N. (2007). Addressing sexual violence in postconflict
Burundi. Forced Migration Review, 27 (48-49).
Copyright (c) 2022 ESI Preprints
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.