Analysis of the Integration Process of Vulnarable Communities in Social and Economic Development: Batwa a Community of Muyange Site II
Keywords:Integration, Batwa Community, Vulnerable, Socioeconomic, Development, Social Integration and Economy
The lack of access to food, to education, to house, to medical health care, to freedom of participation and the lack of access to sanitary facilities are some of the characteristics of the person who is qualified to be vulnerable. Vulnerability may arise from individual, community, or larger population challenges and requires different types of policy interventions from social and economic development of neighborhoods and communities and income policies, to individual medical intervention. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze the integration process of vulnerable communities in social and economic development, case study of Batwa community of Muyange site II. The objectives of this study are (1), to identify the living conditions of Batwa communities as vulnerable people in Muyange Site II, (2) to show the factors that are hampering the integration process of Batwa communities in social and economic development in Muyange Site II, (3) to find out the role of local administration in the integration process of vulnerable communities in social and economic development, (4) to come up with practical solutions which can accelerate the integration process of Batwa communities in social and economic development. Through stratified random sampling technic, the research obtained a sample size of 50 households for the study. Therefore, this study combined both qualitative method and quantitative method with the use of the interview guide for qualitative approaches and quantitative with the use of a questionnaire administered directly to Batwa community from Muyange site II. The study established that Batwa community of Muyange Site II faced the problems that hampered the integration process in social and economic development like the lack of access to food, to plots for agricultural basic activities, to education and living in extreme poverty. The study again established that Batwa communities of Muyange Site II are not unique. The study also established that there are different causes that hampered the integration process and set strategies to be adopted by Batwa communities, local administration and the government in order to accelerate this integration process of vulnerable. Moreover, the study found out that Batwa communities should esteem themselves strong and responsible when maintaining the materials of the woodwork and learn how to do the small business in order to be self-financed instead of going out to beg. The study found out again that the local administration should give hope for a positive and improved change in the integration process and that the government should handle Batwa community issues as barriers for the social and economic development and help vulnerable to own houses and land. This will help vulnerable to overcome all kinds of discrimination in social and economic integration process.
Galbraith, J. K (1980). Theorie de la Pauvreté de masse. Paris: Gallimard
Gregory, M. (2015). Economic principles. Paris: Economica.
Hergum H. P., (2000). “Indigenous people” – what, why and how? A support in your work with indigenous people. NCA- Occasional paper no 3/2000
Janssen, P. (2015). Developping the Batwa of Burundi: On diverging perspectives and the Woldview of the “Other”. Universiteit Gent.
Javeau, C.(1972). L’Enquête par questionnaire. Manuel à l’usage du praticien. Bruxelles : Institut d’ULB.
Jounot, A. (2004). Le developpement durable. Paris : AFNOR
Levret, L. J. (1961). Développement: Resolution solidaire. Paris: Les Editions ouvrières
Lewis, J. (2001). Les Pygmées Batwa de la region des Grands Lacs. Londre: Sage Publication, Inc.
Ndabarushimana, A. (2021). Le Burundi face aux besoins fondamentaux de sa population. Dans les secteurs de l’eau, de la santé et de l’éducation. Paris: Le Harmattan
Rocher, Guy. (1985). Introduction à la sociologie: Le changement social. Paris: Nathan.
Rwantabagu, H. (2009). Problems and prospects in the Education of a Marginal Minority: the case of Batwa Community in Burundi. Diaspora, indigenous, and Minority education: Studies of Migration, integration, Equity, and cultural survival Vol.3, No 2.
Torado, M. (2003). Economic development. 8th ed. Essex: Pearson Education Limited
AU-UA and IWGIA, (2007) Report of the African Commission’s Working Group on Indigenous Populations / Communities: Transaction Publishers. America Burundi Constitution, March 18th , 2005.
Kamali, M. (1999). Distorted Integration: Problem of Monolithic order. In innovation: The European Journal of social sciences vol.12 Issue 1.
Lewis, J. (2000). The Batwa Pygmies of the Great Lakes Region. Minority Rights Group (MRG). International Report.
Porte, E. (2005). Reconciling polarized relations: disintegration and social dynamics of conflict in Northern Irland. Document presenté à la reunion du groupe d’experts des Nations Unies intitulé “Dialogue in the social integration process: Building Peaceful social Relations by, for and with people, New York.
Rapport du Groupe de Travail de la Commission Africaine sur les populations/communautes Autochtones, Mars –Avril (2005).
Toivanen Reetat, (2011). Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe. University of Helsinki.
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Th%C3%A9ories_du_d%C3%A9velopp ement#Deuxi%C3%A8me_famille_:_Les_th%C3%A9ories_du_d%C 3%A9veloppement_par_le_bas, visited at 26/10/2019, at 5:15 PM.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17848429/ , visited on 22/04/2021 at 3:45
https://www.dvv-international.de/en/adult-education-anddevelopment/editions/aed-612003/basic-education-and - literacy/adult-literacy-ndash-adult-motivation. Visited on 14/04/2021 at 2:00 pm
http://psychology.about. Com/od/index/g/Likert-scale.htm. Visited on May 13th, 2022
Daron, L and Parrot, F. (1998). Dictionary of Psychology. Paris: PUF
Grand Larousse Universel, (1985)
Le Petit Robert, (2002). Dictionnaire Alphabetique et analogique de la langue Francaise. Paris: Nathan
Noah Webester’s, (1999). Webester’s New World College Dictionary. Michigan: USA
Payot. Bloch at. all. (2007). Grand Dictionnaire de la Psychologie. Larousse. Paris: PUF
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 ESI Preprints
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.