Marine and Coastal Resources Governance Issues in Casamance, Senegal: Example of MPAs

Authors

  • Soda Loum Université Iba Der Thiam de Thiès, UFR Sciences de l’Ingénieur, Thiès, Sénégal
  • Mamadou Thior Unité de Recherche en Ingénierie Culturelle et Anthropologie (URICA) Laboratoire d’Archéologie Institut fondamental d'Afrique noire Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Sénégal
  • Issa Sakho Université Amadou Mahtar MBOW de Dakar, UMR Sciences, Technologies Avancées et Développement Durable, Dakar, Sénégal Université de Rouen Normandie ; UMR CNRS 6143 M2C, 76821 Mont Saint AIGNAN cedex, France
  • Michel Desse Géolittomer, LETG UMR 6554 CNRS Université de Nantes, Institut de Géographie et d'Aménagement Régional de l'Université de Nantes (IGARUN)

Keywords:

Marine protected area, coastal marine resource, coastal management, Casamance, Senegal

Abstract

The maritime space of Casamance (south of Senegal), like everywhere in the West African coast has become a territory of competition for projects on both local and international scales. This competition appears in different forms and affects several sectors (fishing, tourism, real property, mining, etc.). These different actors have developed forms of competition that are poorly circumscribed by public policies, thus leading the State of Senegal to resort to marine protected areas (MPAs). Moreover, the governance of Marine Protected Areas has become a trend thanks to its participatory approach highlighting the common desire to preserve marine and costal natural resources. In this work, we studied the role of Protected Areas in the regulation of tensions around marine and coastal resources in Casamance. The approach is based on the review of documents (scientific and strategic policies, etc.), and field training on the protected areas of Casamance. The results shown that the MPAs are an excellent governance strategy and have led to better conservation of marine and coastal resources in Casamance.

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Published

2022-10-13

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