Marine and Coastal Resources Governance Issues in Casamance, Senegal: Example of MPAs
Keywords:Marine protected area, coastal marine resource, coastal management, Casamance, Senegal
The maritime space of Casamance (south of Senegal), like everywhere in the West African coast has become a territory of competition for projects on both local and international scales. This competition appears in different forms and affects several sectors (fishing, tourism, real property, mining, etc.). These different actors have developed forms of competition that are poorly circumscribed by public policies, thus leading the State of Senegal to resort to marine protected areas (MPAs). Moreover, the governance of Marine Protected Areas has become a trend thanks to its participatory approach highlighting the common desire to preserve marine and costal natural resources. In this work, we studied the role of Protected Areas in the regulation of tensions around marine and coastal resources in Casamance. The approach is based on the review of documents (scientific and strategic policies, etc.), and field training on the protected areas of Casamance. The results shown that the MPAs are an excellent governance strategy and have led to better conservation of marine and coastal resources in Casamance.
Badiane, S. D. and Coly, A. (2017). Diversity and particularity of
sacred natural sites in amphibious Casamance. What interest for
conservation? Proceedings of the international symposium
participatory sciences, governance of heritage and territory of deltas,
Balland, M. (2009). Development of a method for evaluating the
effectiveness of the management of the Marine Protected Area of
Joal-Fadiouth in Senegal. Master's thesis, University of Liège, 131p.
Cormier-Salem, M. C. (2013). Coastal development: a crucial issue
for artisanal fisheries. Sea craftmen: a history of Senegalese maritime
Cormier-Salem, M. C. (2015). From conservation to concentration.
Which MPA for which governance? Marseilles: IRD, coll. Synthesis:
Cormier-Salem, M. C. (2019). Games of scales and territorial
solidarity: towards multiscalar governance of protected areas, in
Boulay S., Fanchette S. (ed.), The question of scales in the human
and social sciences, Versailles, Montpellier, Quæ, IRD, pp. 72-90.
Cormier-Salem, M. C. and Roussel, B. (2005). The recognition of
natural heritage to the promotion of local knowledge. Paris IRDMALD-MNHN,
coll. Colloquium and Seminar, pp 515-528.
Dahou, T. (2009). Managing space without governing people: the
dilemma of protected areas (Saloum, Senegal). Anthropology and
societies, vol.34, n°1, 2010, pp 75-93.
Diallo, M. (2017). Involve local communities in the management of
the Marine Protected Area of Banboung in Senegal: Between
exclusion, creation of a conversationist elite and green income.
Proceedings of the international symposium participatory sciences,
governance of heritage and territory of deltas, pp 121-132.
Diatta, C. S., Diouf, M., Karibuhoye, C. and Sow, A. A. (2017).
Sacred natural sites and conservation of marine and coastal resources
in a traditional Diola environment (Senegal), Review
Diaw, M. C. (1986). Canoe fishing in the political economy of
Africa: social formations and production systems in history. Congress
of Americanists, July 85, Bogota, 38 p.
Diaw, M. C. (1993). The historical conditions of the development of
fishing in Casamance, 16 p.
Diouf, E. B. (2016). Migration of Ghanaian fishermen in Lower
Casamance. Master's thesis, Assane Seck University of Ziguinchor
Faye, M. H. T. (2021). Biodiversity conservation and local
development: case of Mangagoulack ICCA. Master's thesis, Assane
Seck University of Ziguinchor, 136p.
Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development. (2018).
Somone MPA Development and Management Plan, DAMCP, 93 p.
Miossec, J. M. (2011). Local development, between globalization and
promotion of territories: from governance to the articulation of
powers and territories. territories of Africa. No. 2. P8-28.
Sane, T., Dieye, E. H. B., Descroix, L. (2017). A moving coastline:
diversity, dynamics and changes in the border territories of
southwestern Senegal and northwestern Guinea-Bissau, Grdr, 133p.
Sène, A. M. and Diémé, I. L. (2018). Between tourism development
and declinerice-growing areas in the municipality of Diembéring
(Ziguinchor region, Senegal): what alternative for sustainable local
development? Belgeo: 18p.
Sy, O., Sané, T., Dièye, El B. (2018). Dynamics and development of
the coastal fringe of the urban municipality of Diembéring. West
Africa, issues on development at the local level pp. 197-221.
Thior, M. (2020). Coastal dynamics of Casamance: Morphodynamic
characteristics, environmental changes and socio-economic impacts.
Doctoral thesis, Assane Seck University of Ziguinchor, 389p.
Thior, M., Gomis, J. S., Badiane, A., Sané, B., (2020). Fishery
around the rurban core of Kafountine (Senegal): a driver of socioeconomic
recompositions. Journal of geographical space and
Moroccan societies, n°36, June 2020, pp 119-133.
Thior, M., Sané, T., Wade, C. T., Sy, O., Descroix, L. (2021). The
development of the Casamance coastline: what are the challenges
with regard to its current dynamics? Caribbean Studies, URL:
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 ESI Preprints
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.